二、2.Vocabulary and Structure
Part I Vocabulary and Structure
Directions: Each of the following sentences is provided with four choices. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Then, mark your answer on the Answer Sheet.
0. Since arriving in New York, Thomas ______ over 15 job interviews.
1. You are saying that everyone should be equal, and this is ______ they disagree.
2. The sandwiches ______ by your mother were very delicious.
3. The doctor asked Bob to quit ______ because of his health.
4. This brand of computer is ______ more expensive than I expected.
D．a lot of
5. This sound doesn't ______ in Chinese, so it's difficult for the students to pronounce.
6. You may borrow this dictionary ______ you keep it clean.
A．as long as
B．so far as
7. Normally Dr. Mackenzie is rather ______, but sometimes he talks freely about himself.
8. Mr. Smith receives the order that he ______ the documents to the new product meeting for further discussion.
9. Most of the athletes have come to understand: what matters ______ not winning but participating.
10. When Mr. Kentucky fell ill, his son took ______ the business from him.
11. I cannot find my umbrella. I must have ______ it on the bus yesterday.
12. By the year 2100, many different means of transportation ______.
B．will have developed
C．will be developing
D．will have been developed
13. —What did you do last weekend? —______ went on a picnic.
A．I, Tom and John
B．Tom, John and I
C．Tom, John and me
D．Tom, I and John
14. China has been following the foreign policy to develop relations with other countries on the ______ of the five principles of peaceful co-existence.
Part III Reading Comprehension
Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by a number of comprehension questions. Read the passages and choose the best answer to each question. Then, mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1.Expecting a Baby?
HEALTHY BABY: Manitoba's Prenatal (怀孕期的) Benefit and Community Support Pro grams
It's what's inside that counts
When you're pregnant, it's important that you eat well to help you and your growing baby. That's why if you live in Manitoba and your net family income is less than $ 32, 000 a year, the Manitoba government ofters you a monthly cheque during your pregnancy to help you buy healthy foods and prepare for your baby's arrival.
How to apply
Pick up an application form. from medical offices, Healthy Baby community programs or by calling the number below. The application form. must include a medical note indicating your baby's due date, so see your health care provider early.
More support for you and your baby
Through Healthy Child Manitoba, Healthy Baby also offers community programs which help you to learn more about nutrition, health and parenting a baby.
For more information, please call:
945-1301 (in Winnipeg)
1-888-848-0140 (at no cost)
945-1305 TDD (Telephone Device for the Deaf)
What program is this passage about?
D．Birth and growth of healthy babies.
Who can enjoy the benefits of the program?
A．Pregnant women of high risk.
B．Pregnant women of first child
C．Pregnant women in good health.
D．Pregnant women with low income.
The most important information to be filled in the application form. is ______.
A．the pregnant woman's name
B．when the baby is due to arrive
C．the pregnant woman's medical history
D．in which hospital the baby is to be delivered
Healthy Baby will also provide more help in all aspects but ______.
For further information, the deaf can ______.
A．call 945-1305 TDD
C．visit their health care provider
D．send email to a medical office
7.In the past, people who graduated from college felt proud of their academic achievments and confident that their degree would help them to find a good job.
However, in the past four years the job market has changed dramatically. This year's College graduates are facing one of the worst job markets. For example, Ryan Stewart, a graduate of San Jose State University, got a degree in religious studies, but he has not gotten any job offers. He points out that many people already working are getting laid off and don't have jobs, so it's even harder for new college graduates to find jobs.
Four years ago, the future looked bright for his class of 2006. There were many high-tech ("dot com") job opportunities, graduates received many job offers, and they were able to get jobs with high salaries and benefits such as health insurance and paid vacations. However, "Times have changed. It's a new market," according to an officer of the university.
The officer says students who do find jobs started preparing two years ago. They worked during summer vacations, they have had several short-time jobs, and they majored in fields that are still paying well, such as accounting or nursing.
Even teaching is not a secure profession now. Ryan Stewart wanted to be a teacher, but in stead he will probably go back to school in order to become a college teacher. He thinks college teaching could be a good career even in a bad economy.
In conclusion, these days a college degree does not automatically lead to a good job with a high salary. Some students can only hope that the value of their degree will increase in the future.
What did a college degree mean to people in the past?
A．It was a proof of their profssional skills.
B．It would guarantee their quick promotion.
C．It built up their confidence in the job market.
D．It would help them to start an academic career.
Ryan Steward has not got any job offer because ______.
A．there are too many graduates of his major
B．he wants to find a job with very high salary
C．he has not received a degree in the university
D．the job market has changed greatly since 2002
According to the passage, ______ had the best job prospects in 2002.
Why does Ryan Steward want to be a college teacher?
A．Teaching jobs are well-paid
B．He majored in teaching in the university.
C．College teaching is less challenging than high-tech jobs.
D．College teaching career won't be influenced by economy.
It can be concluded from the passage that ______.
A．the value of a college degree has decreased now
B．new college graduates today can't find jobs
C．a college degree can still lead to a good job
D．graduates must prepare early to find jobs
13.Sharon Keating was worried about her kids when she got a divorce. Her daughter says, "I was feeling... like down and sad and even though I did't really show it."
Judith Wallerstein says problems from divorce can last many years. They can show up when the kids are adults. And the kids have their own trouble. Wallerstein studied 93 children over a generation. The results can be found in her book.
She says that children of divorce are more likely to have problems with drugs. They are far more likely to seek therapy. About 40 percent of them avoid marriage themselves. When they do marry, fail at nearly twice the usual rate. It is hard for them to trust. They are afraid of failing.
Critics say Wallerstein had too few children in her study. They think that Wallerstein stresses too much from a small study. Other things may be the cause of the kid's problems. The study does not compare kids from divorced families with kids from "healthy" families.
Wallerstein's families divorced a generation ago. Times have changed. People feel different a bout divorce. Today programs like Kid's Turn try to reduce some of the effects of divorce with family advice. Talking about their feelings helps the kids get through it. Since they know more about the problems, maybe the kids will be able to handle it.
Which word can best describe the kids from divorced families according to Paragraph 1?
Children from divorced families who marry later will ______.
A．have no trust in other people
B．be more likely to get divorced
C．firmly protect their marriage
D．have stable marriage
Wallerstein's study showed that ______.
A．divorce left the children with many problems
B．all the problems showed up right after the divorce
C．divorce could be avoided
D．divorce made the children mature earlier
Which of the following is critics' opinion?
A．Healthy families do not have problems.
B．All the related factors were considered in the study.
C．Divorce is the only cause of child problems.
D．The number of families studied was not sufficient.
Today children from divorced families ______.
A．have no more problems
B．are getting more care and help
C．are less able to handle their problems
D．are told not to talk about their problems
19.It is still sometimes difficult to understand why those between ages 10 and 18 would endanger their lives by joining armed forces or rebel groups and become fighting soldiers. The recently published book, Young Soldiers, Why They Choose to Fight by Rachel Brett and Irma Specht, tries to find an answer.
There is no doubt that children fight in most armed conflicts today. While international attention focuses largely on those who are forced into battles, thousands more enlist (应征入伍) voluntarily.
In an attempt to understand the young who take up arms, Brett and Specht interviewed 53 boy and girl soldiers and ex-soldiers from around the world, Afghanistan, Colombia, the Republic of the Congo for example. All interviewees were involved with armed forces or armed groups before the age of 18 and all classified themselves as volunteers.
What these two field officers heard is "I joined involuntarily—if you have nothing, you volunteer for the army". Other reasons young people gave are self-defense, revenge, poverty, and un employment.
But while it is common knowledge that most child soldiers come from poor and disadvantaged backgrounds, Young Soldiers shows that the issue is far more complex. Many poor children do not join the army. The environmental, educational, social, cultural, and highly personal factors deter mine whether someone decides to join up or not.
The battlefield is not a place for children. One young soldier described being there as "too sad an experience". The authors hope that by understanding why teenagers join up, those child soldiers should know how to discourage others from the same tragedy.
Young Soldiers, Why They Choose to Fight is ______.
C．a news report
D．a TV program
According to Paragraph 3, Brett and Specht's interviewees ______.
A．joined armed forces under 18
B．considered going into the army their duty
C．were only from African countries
D．were mainly the ex-soldiers
The reasons shown in Young Soldiers for children to join the army are ______.
The writers of Young Soldiers probably expect that ______.
A．child soldiers would leave armed forces
B．they could find more than 53 interviewees
C．no more children would join armed forces
D．there would be no wars in the world
The tone of the passage is ______.
25.It's interesting that technology often works as a servant for us, yet frequently we become a servant to it. E-mail is a useful tool but many feel controlled by this new vehicle. The average businessperson is getting about 80 e-mails per day and many feel that about 80% of the messages in their "In Box" are of little or no value.
So, I have four suggestions to help you to become better at "Easing E-mail"
1. Get off the lists. The best way to deal with a problem is to never have it. If you are receiving a lot of unwanted e-mails, ask to be removed from the various lists. This would include your inclusion in unwanted "cc" lists (抄送名单).
2. "Unlisted address". Just like getting an "unlisted" telephone number that you share only with those whom you want to give direct access, you might want to get a separate e-mail address only for the important communications you wish to receive.
3. Check it once or twice per day. Many I speak with are becoming chained to their email server, monitoring incoming email on a continuous basis. Maybe this is because e-mail creates its own sense of urgency, but most of the communications are not all that urgent. I respond to them a couple of times per day.
4. Deal with it. As you open each e-mail do one of the following:
a. If it requires a quick response, respond to it and delete it.
b. If it is going to take any serious amount of time to respond, schedule it for action in your Day Planner and then download the message, save it, or print it out for future action.
I personally receive approximately 250 e-mails per day and by practicing the suggestions above, I can handle that volume in about an hour, taking advantage of this fantastic tool but not being con trolled by it to the distraction (分心) of more important tasks in my day.
The passage is about ______.
A．how to check e-mails
B．how to collect e-mails
C．how to deal with your daily e-mails
D．how to deal with 80% valueless e-mails
If you get unwanted e-mails, the best you can do is to ______.
A．make a list of them
B．put them into "cc" lists
C．send them to a special address
D．delete them from different lists
For the important communications, the writer suggests that you ______.
A．have a direct access for them
B．have several e-mails servers for them
C．get an unlisted phone number for them
D．get a special e-mails address for them
To avoid being chaincd by the coming e-mails, what you can do is to ______.
A．respond urgent ones only
B．reply all of them at the same time
C．handle them a couple of times daily
D．keep replying e-mails all day long
To deal with an e-mails you get, you can do the following EXCEPT ______.
A．downloading every e-mail before you reply
B．responding right away if it's urgent
C．scheduling it for later reply if it takes much time
D．asking someone else to reply it if it's not at your convenience
Part IV Cloze
Directions: There are some blanks in the following passages. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the one that best fits into the passages. Then, mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
1.Twenty years ago, kids in school never heard of the Internet. Now, I'll【C1】______you can't find a single person in your city who hasn't heard of it. The "net" in the word "internet" really【C2】______for network. A network is two or more computers connected together so that all types of in formation can be【C3】______ or sent from one computer to another. You may enjoy using it to do re search for a school project,【C4】______ your favourite songs or communicating with friends and family. Information is accessed through web pages that companies, organizations and individuals【C5】______and post. It's like a 【C6】______noticeboard that the whole world uses! But since anyone can put any thing on the internet, you also have to be careful and use your best【C7】______and a little common sense.
What you read on a piece of paper someone sticks on a notice-board doesn't necessarily mean it's good information or even correct. So you have to be【C8】______what people are talking about, especially if you're doing research! When you're emailing people, you still have to be very careful. If you've never met the person you're communicating with online, you could be on dangerous ground! You should never give【C9】______any personal information to someone you don't know, not even your name! And just like you can't believe the information on every website (网站) out there, you can't 【C10】______on strangers on the internet, either. Just like you could make up things about yourself to tell someone, someone else could do the same to you!
Part VII Writing